КОММУНИКАЦИОННЫЕ СТРАТЕГИИ ИСЛАМСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВА В РОССИИ И СОЕДИНЕННОМ КОРОЛЕВСТВЕ: СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ ЗАДАЧ И МЕХАНИЗМОВ ИХ РЕШЕНИЯ


Аннотация

С самого начала самопровозглашенный Халифат, образованный на территориях Сирии и Ирака, стал применять эффективную коммуникационную стратегию, позволившую ему не только громко заявить о себе всему миру, но и постоянно привлекать внимание, финансы, людей. Более того, данная стратегия нацелена не просто на привлечение внимания как можно более широкого круга лиц, она ставит также целью радикализацию своих последователей, часть которых отправляется на территорию, занятую Исламским государством (ИГ, запрещенным в России),  а часть – остается на родине для реализации других задач. Данная статья представляет собой компаративный анализ воздействия коммуникационной стратегии ИГ на общества в России и Соединенном Королевстве, угроз, которые она несет отдельным индивидам и всему государству в целом, и тех правовых инструментов, которые есть у обоих государств, чтобы противодействовать стратегии радикализации, столь упорно и тщательно продвигаемой ИГ. Актуально сравнить угрозы ИГ российскому и британскому обществам, которые по разному оценивают сирийский конфликт и вообще эскалацию насилия на Ближнем Востоке. Более того, Британия участвует в борьбе против ИГ в коалиции с США, в то время как Россия выполняет, прежде всего, собственные задачи в регионе. Авторы показывают, что российская правовая база представляется более инструментальной в осуществлении контртеррористических мероприятий, в отличие от узкого и специфического британского законодательства. Между тем, оба государства нуждаются в обмене информацией и совместной борьбе против исламской радикализации, которая носит именно глобальный характер. 


Об авторах

Наталья Валерьевна Еремина
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет
Россия
СПбГУ, факультет международных отношений, кафедра европейских исследований, SPIN - код 17576127


David Lowe
Liverpool John Moores University, Law School Redmonds building
Великобритания
Doctor, School of Law


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Для цитирования: Еремина Н.В., Lowe D. КОММУНИКАЦИОННЫЕ СТРАТЕГИИ ИСЛАМСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВА В РОССИИ И СОЕДИНЕННОМ КОРОЛЕВСТВЕ: СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ ЗАДАЧ И МЕХАНИЗМОВ ИХ РЕШЕНИЯ. Сравнительная политика. 2018;9(4).

For citation: ., . . Comparative Politics Russia. 2018;9(4).

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